skin care

All About Facial Skin Care – 4 Step Routine – How to choose the best products for you

September 27, 2020
facial skin care

All about Facial Skin Care

‘Facial skin care’ is more a matter of discipline than anything else. A facial skin care routine is what you need (and you need to follow the facial skin care routine with complete seriousness). So let’s check what comprises an effective facial skin care routine. Well, very simply, a facial skin care routine can follow the following 4 steps:

  • * Cleansing
  • * Toning
  • * Exfoliating
  • * Moisturising


Cleansing is the first thing in facial skin care routine. Cleansing helps in removing dust, pollutants, grease, and extra oil from your skin, thereby preventing damage to your skin.

Just spot your face and neck with a good cleansing lotion or cream and gently massage it into your skin using upward strokes.

Use a soft face tissue or cotton wool to wipe your face in a gentle patting fashion (do not rub). 

Cleansing should be done at least twice a day i.e. morning (as part of complete facial skin care routine) and evening (on a standalone basis).

Water soluble cleansers are the best for inclusion in your facial skin care routine.


Toning is the next in a facial care routine. However, this is the optional part of the skin care routine.

Mostly, proper cleansing can compensate for toning. Toning helps remove all traces of dirt, grease and excess cleanser.

Instead of making it part of your daily facial skin care routine, you can using toning occasionally i.e. when you have been exposed to particularly harsh environment/pollution.


Exfoliation is again, kind of, optional step in everyday routine for facial care. However, exfoliation is necessary at least once a week (or twice, depending on the skin type and the environmental conditions).

Exfoliation finds its place in skincare routine because of the natural tendency of skin to replenish the skin cells every 3 or 4 weeks.

As a facial care technique, exfoliation helps in removing the dead skin cells that block the pores, thus assisting the skin in the natural process.

 However, excessive or harsh exfoliation can cause damage to your skin; so you need to balance it out.


The next thing in skin care is moisturising. In fact, moisturising is the most important part of facial care routine.

Moisturisers prevent your skin from getting dry. Dry skin is really undesirable since it cause the upper layer skin to break, leading to dead skin cells.

Again, use light upward strokes to make the moisturiser more effective. Moisturisers work the best when applied on warm and damp skin. So do not try to remove all the moisture in the previous steps of skin care routine.

Besides the normal facial skin care routine, you should also exercise the following for facial skin care:


* Use proper make-up remover instead of just washing it away

* Pay heed to your skin type and the environment, when choosing facial skin care products.

* Before you start using a new facial skin care product, test it by applying it on a short patch of skin e.g. ear lobes.

* Never rub your skin too hard.

* Use sunscreen lotions for protection against sun.

Choosing right Facial Skin Care product for you

facial skin care

Choosing the right facial skincare product for you is a huge task as each person’s skin is different and the product needs to suit you properly without any allergic reactions or to be effective.

Talking about skin care, ‘facial skin care’ seems to top the chart. There are loads of facial skin care products available in the market. The most common facial skin care products are the ones that are used as part of daily routine.

 These include things like cleansers and moisturizers. Toners and exfoliation ones are well known too but not many people use them as such.

The general classification of facial skin care products is based on the following:

  • * Gender (so there are facial skincare products for men and there are facial skincare products for women)
  • * Skin type (facial skin products for oily skin, facial skincare products for dry skin, facial skincare products for normal skin, and facial skincare products for sensitive skin)
  • * Age (facial skincare products for old and facial skincare products for young)
  • * Skin disorder (i.e. facial skincare products for the treatment of various skin orders like eczema, acne, etc)

So that is your starting point for choosing a facial skin care product that suits you. A good way to start is by determining your skin type first.

Also note that the skin type changes with age, so the facial skin product that suits you today, might not suit you forever and hence you need to constantly evaluate the effectiveness of your facial care product.

The facial skin care products are available in various forms i.e. creams, lotions, gels, masks etc, and a lot of people try to pit one against the other in their discussion on which form is best.

However, one can’t really rate one form as better than another form. What suits you (and whatever you are comfortable with) is the best form of facial skincare product for you, really.

However, it’s important to note that these products work differently for different people. So the best thing is to try the facial skin care product on a small patch of skin (e.g. ear lobes) before actually going ahead and using it.

Another important consideration is the state of your skin. If you are suffering from a skin disorder of any kind, it is best to seek the advice of a dermatologist before you actually make your selection and start using a facial skin care product.

Once you have selected the facial care product for yourself, you also need to ensure that you use the facial skin product in the right way i.e. follow correct procedures for application, use the correct quantity and make the facial product a part of your skin care routine.

I hope this article makes sense to you.

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